Maria Katherine Fuhrmann and the Presidential Proclamation of April 19, 1918

Early on in the United States’ involvement in WWI, non-naturalized citizens, or “enemy aliens”, were required to register with U.S. authorities in the interest of national security. A presidential proclamation on November 16, 1917 included all non-citizen males over the age of 14, and their wives, even those women born in the United States but married to non-citizens. The registration focused primarily on non-citizen German residents, but included Italians and other nationalities, as well. The information derived from this registration included immigration, birth and parentage, names of family members, address, occupation and employer; residents were also asked if they were sympathetic to the enemy and the names of any relatives serving in enemy forces. Registrations included a physical description, fingerprints and a photograph. An act of Congress on 16 April 1918 changed the definition of “alien enemy” to include women age 14 and older, and a presidential proclamation followed on April 19, 1918.

My 2nd great grandmother, Maria Katherine Michels, was born in Germany on April 13, 1842. She came to the United State in 1856 and, according to the 1920 US Census, became a naturalized citizen in 1869. On June 19, 1860, Maria married Anton Fuhrmann. He was also born in Germany and became a citizen – this according to the 1910 Census.

Once an “enemy alien” had registered, “After the date fixed by the Attorney General for such registration, an alien enemy shall not be found within the limits of the United States, its territories or possessions, without having his registration card on his person.” Penalties for not carrying the card could include imprisonment.

This is the “Registration Card of Alien Female” issued to Maria K. Fuhrmann on June 25, 1918. What is a little confusing to me is that, according to the census, both she and Anton were naturalized citizens. If this was the case, I don’t believe she was required to register. But, then again, the census could be wrong.

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Marie and Anton were farmers in Marshfield Township, Fond du lac Co., WI. After Anton died in 1912, Marie moved to the city of Fond du Lac to live with 3 of her children. She passed away in 1923 and is buried in Johnsburg, WI.

This Week’s Family Anniversaries | June 14 – June 20, 2009

John Earl Harris – Born June 15, 1798 in Greenfield, Saratoga Co., NY. He married Nancy Ormsbee on November 1, 1820 in Greenfield. John Earl died on January 6, 1855 and is buried in Cato Heights Cemetery, Cato, Manitowoc Co., WI. He is my 3rd great grandfather.

Henry Lawrence Heim – Born June 20, 1890 in Sylvan Twp., Washtenaw Co., MI. He married Vera N. Gage on June 21, 1916 in Jackson, Jackson Co, MI. Henry died on August 15, 1959 and is buried in Mt. Olivet Cemtery, Chelsea, Washtenaw Co., WI. Henry and Vera Heim are my wife’s great grandparents.

Anton Fuhrman and Maria Katherine Michels – Married June 19, 1860 in Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co., WI. They are my 2nd great grandparents.

John Benjamin – Died June 14, 1645 in Watertown, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was born about 1584 in Heathfield, Sussex, England. John married Abigail Eddy about 1619 in Cranbrook, Kent Co., England. He is my 9th great grandfather.

This Week’s Family Anniversaries | June 7 – June 13, 2009

Samuel Cleveland – Born June 9, 1657 in Woburn, Middlesex Co., Massachusetts Bay Colony. He married Persis Hildreth on May 23, 1682 in Chelmsford, Middlesex Co. Samuel died on March 12, 1735/36 in Canterbury, Windham Co., Connecticut Colony and is buried in the Cleveland Cemetery in Canterbury. Samuel is my 7th great grandfather.

John LeVan – Born June 9, 1768 in Kutztown, Berks Co., PA. He married Susanna Schwoyer. John died on December 22, 1856 in Kutztown and is buried in Union Cemetery, Kutztown. He is my wife’s 4th great grandfather.

John Hau and Elizabeth Fuhrman – Married June 12, 1900 in Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co., WI. They are my great grandparents.

This Week’s Family Anniversaries | May 24 – May 30, 2009

Joseph Voiland and his wife, Felicitée Marie (Sadie) Romond, arrive in New York City from France on May 27, 1857. Joseph and Sadie are my 2nd great grandparents.

Katherine Protz – Born May 24, 1833 in Württemberg, Germany. She married Leonhard Seybold in 1857. Katherine died on July 15, 1910 in Brillion Twp., Calumet Co., WI and is buried in Forest Home Cemetery in Calumet County. She is my 2nd great grandmother.

Hezekiah Newcomb – Born May 26, 1693 in Edgartown, Martha’s Vineyard, Dukes Co., Province of Massachusetts Bay. He married Jerusha Bradford on Movember 14, 1716 in Norwich, New London Co., Connecticut Colony. Hezekiah died on August 15, 1772 in Lebanon, New London Co., Connecticut Colony and is buried in the Trumbull Cemetery in Lebanon. He is my 6th great grandfather.

Joseph Bradley – Born May 27, 1770 in Haverhill, Essex Co, Province of Massachusetts Bay. He married Mirriam Currie on September 29, 1798 in Haverhill. Joseph died on July 23, 1845 in Haverhill. He is my wife’s 4th great grandfather.

Ezra Cleveland – Born May 30, 1726 in Canterbury, Windham Co., Connecticut Colony. He married Jerusha Newcomb in May, 1745. He died on November 7, 1802 in Hartford Co., CT and is buried in Elmwood Cemetery, Jefferson Co., NY. Ezra is my 5th great grandfather.

John Jacob Musbach – Born May 30, 1839 in Württemberg, Germany. He married Elizabeth Notten on January 4, 1864. John Jacob died on April 22, 1905 in Waterloo Twp., Jackson Co. MI and is buried in Salem Grove Cemetery, Grass Lake, Sylvan Twp., Washtenaw Co., MI. He is my wife’s 2nd great grandfather.

Herbert Harvey – Born May 30, 1879 in Leoni Twp., Jackson Co., MI. He married Martha Anne Musbach on March 9, 1904 in Lansing, Ingham Co., MI. Herbert died on March 3, 1949 in Waterloo Twp., Jackson Co., MI and is buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Chelsea, Washtenaw Co., MI. He is my wife’s great grandfather.

Alice Carpenter and Edward Southworth – Married May 28, 1613 in Leyden, Holland. Alice is my 9th great grandmother.

Patience Chase – Died May 26, 1820 in Greenfield, Saratoga Co., NY and is buried in the Ormsbee Cemetery on the Ormsbee Farm near Porters Corners, Saratoga County. She was born in February 10, 1767 and married Isaac Ormsbee on February 8, 1789 in Warren, Bristol Co., RI. Patience is 4th great grandmother.

Elizabeth Fuhrman – Died May 27, 1964 in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac Co., WI and is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Fond du Lac. She was born on June 22, 1874 in Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac County. Elizabeth married John Hau on June 12, 1900 in Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co. She is my great grandmother.

Nancy Ormsbee – Died May 28, 1881 in Greenleaf, Brown Co., WI and is buried in Cato Heights Cemetery, Cato, Manitowoc Co., WI. She was born on April 6, 1796 in Barrington, Bristol Co., RI. Nancy married John Earl Harris on November 1, 1820 in Greenfield, Saratoga Co., NY. She is my 3rd great grandmother.

Reuben Gage – Died May 29, 1892 in Chelsea, Washtenaw Co., MI and is buried in Vermont Cemetery, Chelsea. He was born August 20, 1819 in Benton, Yates Co., NY and married Fanny Parker on December 31, 1839. Reuben in my wife’s 3rd great grandfather.

Elizabeth Lowden – Died May 30, 1884 in Leoni Twp., Jackson Co., MI and is buried in Harrington Cemetery, Henrietta Twp., Jackson County. She was born on February 28, 1838 in England and married George Harvey in 1859 in England. Elizabeth is my wife’s 2nd great grandmother.