Maria Katherine Fuhrmann and the Presidential Proclamation of April 19, 1918

Early on in the United States’ involvement in WWI, non-naturalized citizens, or “enemy aliens”, were required to register with U.S. authorities in the interest of national security. A presidential proclamation on November 16, 1917 included all non-citizen males over the age of 14, and their wives, even those women born in the United States but married to non-citizens. The registration focused primarily on non-citizen German residents, but included Italians and other nationalities, as well. The information derived from this registration included immigration, birth and parentage, names of family members, address, occupation and employer; residents were also asked if they were sympathetic to the enemy and the names of any relatives serving in enemy forces. Registrations included a physical description, fingerprints and a photograph. An act of Congress on 16 April 1918 changed the definition of “alien enemy” to include women age 14 and older, and a presidential proclamation followed on April 19, 1918.

My 2nd great grandmother, Maria Katherine Michels, was born in Germany on April 13, 1842. She came to the United State in 1856 and, according to the 1920 US Census, became a naturalized citizen in 1869. On June 19, 1860, Maria married Anton Fuhrmann. He was also born in Germany and became a citizen – this according to the 1910 Census.

Once an “enemy alien” had registered, “After the date fixed by the Attorney General for such registration, an alien enemy shall not be found within the limits of the United States, its territories or possessions, without having his registration card on his person.” Penalties for not carrying the card could include imprisonment.

This is the “Registration Card of Alien Female” issued to Maria K. Fuhrmann on June 25, 1918. What is a little confusing to me is that, according to the census, both she and Anton were naturalized citizens. If this was the case, I don’t believe she was required to register. But, then again, the census could be wrong.

Untitled-1Untitled-2Untitled-3 Untitled-4

Marie and Anton were farmers in Marshfield Township, Fond du lac Co., WI. After Anton died in 1912, Marie moved to the city of Fond du Lac to live with 3 of her children. She passed away in 1923 and is buried in Johnsburg, WI.

Today’s Tidbit | August 25, 1874 – John Hau

On this day, 136 years ago, my great grandfather, John Hau, was born in St. Joe, Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac Co., Wisconsin. He was the son of Wilhelm and Kathrine (Tuepper) Hau. He married Elizabeth Fuhrman on June 12, 1900.

John ran the Cozy Tavern at 102 North Main St. in Fond du Lac, but after prohibition began, he when into the restaurant business. In 1919, he founded the H & H Cafeteria, with Edward Halverson, at 105 S. Main Street. The restaurant moved to the former Commercial Bank Building, located at First and Main, which they purchased in 1923. In its first year of operation, the cafeteria employed seven persons, but over the years it expanded to employ 21. He bought out Halverson and renamed the restaurant the Lion Cafeteria.

Following 50 years in the business, John retired in 1959, selling the business to his sons Clarence and Raymond (my grandfather).

Much more about John Hau and the Lion Cafeteria can be found here.

John Hau - early 1900's

 

John and Elizabeth (Fuhrman) Hau | 50th Wedding Anniversary - June 12, 1950

Today’s Tidbit | Seamstress Sisters

Ursie and Mary Fuhrman worked as seamstresses at the Albert E. Isaac Co. in Fond du Lac, WI in 1928. The sisters, my 2nd great aunts, never married and lived together their entire lives. Both were about 50 years old at the time.

Ursie and Mary dressed for their sister Elizabeth's wedding in 1900

Albert E. Isaac, Co. - Fond du Lac, WI

Tuesday Treasure | March 16, 2010

When my Grandpa and Grandpa Hau passed away several years ago, I was lucky enough to receive many of their things. Among them was my grandpa’s high school yearbook. Raymond Christian Hau was raised in Fond du lac, WI. His father, John, was in the restaurant business, a business that Ray would eventually join. Ray graduated from Fond du Lac Senior High School in 1926.

The 1920′s in America was an era distinguished by several inventions and discoveries of far-reaching importance, unprecedented industrial growth, accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and significant changes in lifestyle. The city of Fond du Lac was no exception. It was a classic American mid-western small town, highlighted by its bustling main street. After his graduation, Ray attended Lawrence college in Appleton, his being the first generation of the Hau family to attend college.

Yearbooks from this era are far different from the color photo laden, current events filled books of today. They contain pages full of  poetry and song; pages detailing highlights of the freshman, sophomore, junior and senior classes; and in-depth descriptions of the accomplishments of the Service Club, Glee Club, Commercial Club, Peptimist Club, etc. The class motto for the Senior Class of 1926 was “Character is All!”

The class president described their senior year as follows: “…it was our senior year that we must look to appreciate truly our high school life. The hopes of years were at last realized. Early in November the school addition, containing the new combined gymnasium and auditorium, was finally completed. What senior has not experience a sincere thrill of pride and of satisfaction as he has entered the gymnasium for programs, pep meetings, parties, and basketball games? We are equally proud of our cafeteria where we have enjoyed hot dinners on cold winter days and appetizing lunches after organization parties. Our school life has been further rounded by the new courses of home economics, manual training, auto mechanics, and physical education….”

It’s hard to imagine our ancestors as high school kids. My only memory of my grandpa is as…a grandpa. I’m grateful to have these treasures. They really help me to know him better.

Surname Saturday | FUHRMANN, FUHRMAN

My 2nd great grandfather on my mom’s side, Anton Fuhrmann, came to America from Germany in about 1845. Anton and his wife, Maria Katherine Michels settled in Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac Co., WI, where they farmed. They had ten children together. Their oldest daughter, Elizabeth, married John Hau in 1900.

This Week’s Family Anniversaries | August 9 – August 15, 2009

William Salisbury, Jr. – Born August 14, 1659 in Dorchester, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colony. He married Anna Cole on July 30th 1664 in Swansea, Bristol, Massachusetts Bay Colony. William is my 7th great grandfather.

Joseph Benjamin, III – Born August 15, 1699 in Preston, New London, Connecticut Colony. He married Deborah Clark on April 3, 1722 in Preston. Joseph is my 6th great grandfather.

Richard Ormsby and Sarah Upham – Married August 9, 1640 in Saco, York Co., Province of Maine. They are my 8th great grandparents.

William Bradford, III and Alice Carpenter – Married August 14, 1623 in Plymouth Colony. William was the second governor of the Plymouth Colony almost continuously from 1621 until 1656. William and Alice are my 9th great grandparents.

Mary “Polly” Bromley – Died August 10, 1845. She married Asa Benjamin on January 4, 1787 in Worthington, Hampshire Co., MA. Mary is buried in the Hall Rd. Cemetery in Pierpont, Ashtabula Co., OH. She is my 4th great grandmother.

Wilhelm Hau – Died August 12, 1884 in St. Joe, Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac Co., WI. He came to America from Prussia in the 1860′s and married Kathrine Tuepper on January 12, 1869 in Mt. Calvery, Fond du Lac Co. He is buried in St. Joseph’s Cemetery, Marshfield Twp. Wilhelm is my 2nd great grandfather.

Dorothy Louise Harris – Died August 13, 1972 in Clintonville, Waupaca Co., WI. She was born on July 17, 1900 in Appleton, Outagamie Co. Dorothy married Russell Bernard Weller in 1929. She is buried in St. Rose Cemetery in Clintonville. Dorothy is my grandmother.

Maria Katherine Michels – Died on August 14, 1923 in Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co., WI. She was born in Germany and married Anton Fuhrmann on June 19, 1860 in Johnsburg. She is buried in St. John the Baptist Cemetery in Johnsburg. Maria is my 2nd great grandmother.

Henry Lawrence Heim – Died on August 15, 1959 and is buried in Mt. Olivet Cemetery in Chelsea, Washtenaw Co., MI. Henry married Vera Gage in 1916 in Jackson, Jackson Co., MI. He is my wife’s great grandfather.

This Week’s Family Anniversaries | June 21 – June 27, 2009

On June 24, 1675, William Salisbury and his son John are the first colonists killed in King Philips War. Four days earlier, William had killed an indian warrior who entered his home at Kickemuit, MA. The indians killed William and John in retribution. William is my 8th great grandfather.

Isaac Ormsbee – Born June 21, 1763 in Warren, Bristol Co., Colony of Rhode Island. He married Patience Chase on February 8, 1789 in Warren, Bristol Co. Isaac died on October 13, 1848 in Greenfield, Saratoga Co., NY and is buried in the Ormsbee Cemetery on the Ormsbee Farm near Porters Corners, Saratoga Co., NY. He is my 4th great grandfather.

Elizabeth Fuhrman – Born June 22, 1874 in Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac Co., WI. She married John Hau on June 12, 1900 in Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co. Elizabeth died on May 27, 1964 in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac Co. and is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Fond du Lac. She is my great grandmother.

Henry Lawrence Heim and Vera N. Gage – Married on June 21, 1916 in Jackson, Jackson Co., MI. They are my wife’s great grandparents.

Richard Kemball – Died June 22, 1675 in Ipswich, Essex Co., Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was born on April 10, 1595 in Rattlesden, Suffolk, England. Richard Married Ursula Scott on October 23, 1615 in Rattlesden. He is my wife’s 10th great grandfather.

President Stephen Grover Cleveland – Died on June 24, 1908 and is buried in Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, Mercer Co., NJ. He was born on March 18, 1837 in Caldwell, Mercer Co. Grover married Frances Clara Folsom on June 2, 1886 in the White House, Washington, District of Columbia. He is my 6th cousin, 3 times removed.

John Hau – Died June 25, 1966 in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac Co., WI. He was born on August 25, 1874 in St. Joe, Marshfield Twp., Fond du Lac Co. John married Elizabeth Fuhrman on June 12, 1900 In Johnsburg, Fond du Lac Co. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Fond du Lac. John is my great grandfather.

Raymond Christian Hau – Died June 27, 2003 in Milwaukee, Milwaukee Co., WI. He was born on February 29, 1908 in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac Co., WI. Raymond married Florence Rose Heller on October 10, 1933 in Fond du Lac. He is buried in Calvary Cemetery, Fond du lac. Raymond is my grandfather.